Python - Read & Write files from Impala

Gist Page : example-python-read-and-write-from-impala

Common part

Libraries dependency

import ibis
import pandas as pd
import os


WEBHDFS URI are like that : http://namenodedns:port/user/hdfs/folder/file.csv

Default port is 50070

Impala Connection

Default port is 21050.


# Connecting to Impala by providing Impala host ip and port (21050 by default) and a Webhdfs client
hdfs = ibis.hdfs_connect(host=os.environ['IP_HDFS'], port=50070)
client = ibis.impala.connect(host=os.environ['IP_IMPALA'], port=21050, hdfs_client=hdfs)

Impala over SSL

If your Impala is secured with SSL, you have to add the following parameters to your ibis.impala.connect() command:

  • use_ssl=True    → Mandatory. The client will communicate over SSL to the server.
  • ca_cert=None    → Optional. If not set, the certificate won't be validated so this may be a potential security issue. The certificate chain file is available on Saagie's servers at /data/ssl/certs/ca-chain.cert.pem

How to write an Impala table with Python ?

Code example

# Creating a simple pandas DataFrame with two columns
liste_hello = ['hello1','hello2']
liste_world = ['world1','world2']
df = pd.DataFrame(data = {'hello' : liste_hello, 'world': liste_world})

# Writing Dataframe to Impala if table name doesn't exist
db = client.database('default')
if not client.exists_table('helloworld'):
    db.create_table('helloworld', df)
    t = db['helloworld']

How to query an Impala table with Python ?

Code example

# ====== Reading table ======
# Selecting data with a SQL query
#limit=None to get the whole table, otherwise will only get 10000 first lines
requete = client.sql('select * from helloworld')
df = requete.execute(limit=None)

How to write an Impala table with Impala tables sources in Python ?

Code example

# Write in table C the join between tables A and B
client.raw_sql('CREATE TABLE c STORED AS PARQUET AS SELECT a.col1, b.col2 FROM a INNER JOIN b ON (')
# No data is incomming in Python