R - Query & Insert from Impala with JDBC


R package

rjdbc : https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/RJDBC/index.html

This allows R to connect to any DBMS that has a JDBC driver.

Impala JDBC drivers

Download the Impala JDBC drivers

Download Impala JDBC driver
download.file('https://github.com/Mu-Sigma/RImpala/blob/master/impala-jdbc-cdh5.zip?raw=true', 'jdbc.zip', 
              method = 'curl', extra = '-L') 


impalaConnectionUrl : Url used to communicate with Impala through a datanode without authentication.

If no athentication, the format is as follows : "jdbc:hive2://datanode1dns:port/;auth=noSasl". The impala port is usually 21050.

Code explanation for querying impala

Loading JDBC driver and connection

drv <- JDBC(driverClass = "org.apache.hive.jdbc.HiveDriver",
            classPath = list.files("impala-jdbc-cdh5", pattern = "jar$", full.names = TRUE),
            identifier.quote = "`")

impalaConnectionUrl <- "jdbc:hive2://datanode1dns:port/;auth=noSasl"
conn <- dbConnect(drv, impalaConnectionUrl)

Query and Insert : Examples

Show Tables

# All databases
# The database "default"
dbGetQuery(conn, "show tables")

Get all elements of a table

# In database "default"
d <- dbReadTable(conn, "table_name")
# OR
d <- dbGetQuery(conn, "select * from table_name")

# Other that the database "default")
d <- dbReadTable(conn, nameBDD.table_name)

Create a table in parquet format

dbSendUpdate(conn, "CREATE TABLE table_name (attribute1 string, attribute2 int) STORED AS PARQUET")

Insert data into a table

dbGetQuery(conn, "INSERT INTO table_name VALUES ('test', 1)")

Refresh Tables